Critical Studies

Acharya, Shanta, The Influence of Indian Thought on Ralph Waldo Emerson. Edwin Mellen, 2001.

Andrews, Barry M., Emerson As Spiritual Guide: A Companion to Emerson’s Essays for Personal Reflection and Group Discussion. Skinner House, 2003.

Bishop, Jonathan, Emerson on the Soul. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1964.

Brantley, Richard E., Anglo-American Antiphony: The Late Romanticism of Tennyson and Emerson. Gainesville: University Presses of Florida, 1994.

Brown, Lee Rust, The Emerson Museum: Practical Romanticism and the Pursuit of the Whole. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1997.

Buell, Lawrence. Emerson. Harvard University Press, 2003.

Cadava, Eduardo, Emerson and the Climates of History. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1997.

Cameron, Kenneth Walter, Emerson’s Workshop: An Analysis of His Reading in Periodicals through 1836 . . . . Hartford: Transcendental Books, 1964.

Cameron, Kenneth Walter, Emerson the Essayist, 2 vols. Raleigh, N.C.: Thistle Press, 1945; rpt., Hartford, Conn: Transcendental Books, 1972.

Cameron, Kenneth Walter, Emerson’s Reading. Raleigh, N.C.: Thistle Press, 1941; rev. ed., Hartford: Transcendental Books, 1962.

Cameron, Kenneth Walter, Index-Concordance to Emerson’s Sermons, with Homiletical Papers, 2 vols. Hartford, Conn.: Transcendental Books, 1963.

Carpenter, Frederic Ives, Emerson and Asia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1930.

Cavell, Stanley, Emerson’s Transcendental Etudes, ed. David Justin Hodge. Stanford University Press, 2003.

Cayton, Mary Kupiec, Emerson’s Emergence: Self and Society in the Transformation of New England, 1800-1845. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.

Cheyfitz, Eric, The Trans-Parent: Sexual Politics in the Language of Emerson. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981.

Deming, Richard. Listening on All Sides: Toward an Emersonian Ethics of Reading. Stanford University Press, 2007.

Duncan, Jeffrey L. The Power and Form of Emerson’s Thought. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1973.

Ekhtiar, Mansure. Emerson and Persia. Tehran: Iran University Press, 1976.

Ellison, Julie, Emerson’s Romantic Style. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984.

Field, Peter S., Ralph Waldo Emerson: The Making of a Democratic Intellectual. Rowman & Littlefield, 2002.

Field, Susan L., The Romance of Desire: Emerson’s Commitment to Incompletion. Madison, N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1997.

Fresonke, Kris. West of Emerson: The Design of Manifest Destiny. University of California Press, 2003.

Fuller, Randall. Emerson’s Ghosts: Literature, Policits, and the Making of Americanists. Oxford  University Press, 2007.

Geldard, Richard G., The Esoteric Emerson: The Spiritual Teachings of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Hudson, N.Y.: Lindisfarne Press, 1993.

Geldard, Richard G., God in Concord: Ralph Waldo Emerson’s Awakening to the Infinite. Burdett, N.Y.: Larson, 1999.

Gelpi, Donald L., Endless Seeker: The Religious Quest of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1991.

Goto, Shoji, The Philosophy of Emerson and Thoreau: Orientals Meet Occidentals. Edwin Mellen  Press, 2007.

Gougeon, Len, Virtue’s Hero: Emerson, Antislavery, and Reform. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1990.

Gougeon, Len, Emerson and Eros: The Making of a Cultural Hero. SUNY Press, 2007.

Grossman, Jay, Reconstituting the American Renaissance: Emerson, Whitman, and the Politics of Representation. Duke University Press, 2003.

Guthrie, James R., Above Time: Emerson’s and Thoreau’s Temporal Revolutions. University of Missouri Press, 2001.

Hallengren, Anders, The Code of Concord: Emerson’s Search for Universal Laws. Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksell, 1994.

Harding, Walter, Emerson’s Library. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1967.

Harris, Kenneth Marc, Carlyle and Emerson: Their Long Debate. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1978.

Hodder, Alan D., Emerson’s Rhetoric of Revelation: Nature, the Reader, and the Apocalypse Within. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1989.

Hopkins, Vivian C., Spires of Form: A Study of Emerson’s Aesthetic Theory. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1951.

Hudnut, Robert K., The Aesthetics of Ralph Waldo Emerson: The Materials and Methods of His Poetry. Edwin Mellen Press, 1996.

Hughes, Gertrude Reif, Emerson’s Demanding Optimism. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1984.

Hutch, Richard A., Emerson’s Optics: Biographical Process and the Dawn of Religious Leadership. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America, 1983.

Ihrig, Mary Alice, Emerson’s Transcendental Vocabulary. New York: Garland, 1982.

Jacobson, David, Emerson’s Pragmatic Vision: The Dance of the Eye. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1993.

Kateb, George, Emerson and Self-Reliance. Thousand Oaks, Cal.; Sage, 1995.

Keane, Patrick J. Emerson, Romanticism, and Intuitive Reason: The Transatlantic “Light of All Our  Day”. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2005.

Lange, Lou Ann, The Riddle of Liberty: Emerson on Alienation, Freedom, and Obedience. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1986.

Leary, Lewis, Ralph Waldo Emerson: An Interpretive Essay. Boston: Twayne, 1980.

Levin, Jonathan. The Poetics of Transition: Emerson, Pragmatism, and American Literary Modernism. Durham: Duke University Press, 1999.

Loewenberg, Robert J., An American Idol: Emerson and the “Jewish Idea.” Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1984.

Lopez, Michael, Emerson and Power: Creative Antagonism in the Nineteenth Century. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1996.

Loving, Jerome, Emerson, Whitman, and the American Muse. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1982.

Lysaker, John, Emerson and Self-Culture. Indiana University press, 2008.

Makarushka, Irene S., Religious Imagination and Language in Emerson and Nietzsche. New York: St. Martin’s, 1994.

McMillan, T. S. Our Preposterous Use of Literature: Emerson and the Nature of Reading. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000.

McMurry, Andrew. Environmental Renaissance: Emerson, Thoreau and the Systems of Nature. University of Georgia Press, 2003.

Michael, John, Emerson and Skepticism: The Cipher of the World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988.

Mikics, David. The Romance of Individualism in Emerson and Nietzsche. Ohio University Press, 2003.

Mitchell, Charles E., Individualism and Its Discontents: Appropriations of Emerson, 1880–1950. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1997.

Mott, Wesley T., “The Strains of Eloquence”: Emerson and His Sermons. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1989.

Neufeldt, Leonard, The House of Emerson. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1982.

Newfield, Christopher, The Emerson Effect: Individualism and Submission in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.

Nicoloff, Philip L., Emerson on Race and History: An Examination of English Traits. New York: Columbia University Press, 1961.

O’Keefe, Richard R., Mythic Archetypes in Ralph Waldo Emerson: A Blakean Reading. Kent: Kent State University Press, 1995.

Packer, B. L., Emerson’s Fall: A New Interpretation of the Major Essays. New York: Continuum, 1982.

Packer, Barbara, “Ralph Waldo Emerson,” Columbia Literary History of the United States, gen. ed. Emory Elliott, pp. 381-398. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988.

Paul, Sherman, Emerson’s Angle of Vision: Man and Nature in American Experience. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1952.

Perry, Bliss. Emerson Today. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1931.

Poirier, Richard, The Renewal of Literature: Emersonian Reflections. New York: Random House, 1987.

Porte, Joel, Consciousness and Culture: Emerson and Thoreau Reviewed. Yale University Press, 2004.

Porte, Joel, Emerson and Thoreau: Transcendentalists in Conflict. Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press, 1966.

Porte, Joel, Representative Man: Ralph Waldo Emerson in His Time. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.

Porter, Carolyn, Seeing and Being: The Plight of the Participant Observer in Emerson, James, Adams, and Faulkner. Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press, 1981.

Porter, David, Emerson and Literary Change. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1978.

Rao, Adapa Ramakrishna, Emerson and Social Reform. Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1980.

Richardson, Robert D, FirstWe Read, Then We Write: Emerson on the Creative Process. University of Iowa Press, 2008.

Roberson, Susan L., Emerson in His Sermons. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1995.

Robinson, David, Apostle of Culture: Emerson as Preacher and Lecturer. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1982.

Robinson, David M., Emerson and the Conduct of Life: Pragmatism and Ethical Purpose in the Later Work. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Rohler, Lloyd, Ralph Waldo Emerson: Preacher and Lecturer. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1995.

Rosenwald, Lawrence, Emerson and the Art of the Diary. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Rudy, John G., Emerson and Zen Buddhism. Edwin Mellen, 2001. Sacks, Kenneth S., Understanding Emerson: ‘The American Scholar’ and His Struggle for Self-Reliance. Princeton University Press, 2003.

Scheick, William J., The Slender Human Word: Emerson’s Artistry in Prose. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1978.

Schermeister, Pamela. Less Legible Meanings: Between Poetry and Philosophy in the Work of Emerson. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1999.

Sealts, Merton M., Jr., Emerson on the Scholar. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1992.

Smith, Harmon. My Friend, My Friend: The Story of Thoreau’s Relationship with Emerson. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1999.

Sowder, William L., Emerson’s Impact of the British Isles and Canada. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1966.

Stack, George J., Nietzsche and Emerson: An Elective Affinity. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1992.

Staebler, Warren, Ralph Waldo Emerson. New York: Twayne 1973.

Teichgraeber, Richard F., III, Sublime Thoughts/Penny Wisdom: Situating Emerson and Thoreau in the American Market. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.

Thurin, Erik Ingvar, The Universal Autobiography of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Lund, Sweden: C. W. K. Gleerup, 1974.

Thurin, Erik Ingvar, Emerson as Priest of Pan: A Study in the Metaphysics of Sex. Lawrence: Regents Press of Kansas, 1981.

Van Leer, David, Emerson’s Epistemology: The Argument of the Major Essays. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Van Cromphout, Gustaaf. Emerson’s Ethics. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1999.

Van Cromphout, Gustaaf, Emerson’s Modernity and the Example of Goethe. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1990.

Versluis, Arthur. The Hermetic Book of Nature: An American Revolution in Consciousness. St. Paul, Minn.: Grail, 1997.

Wagenknecht, Edward, Ralph Waldo Emerson: Portrait of a Balanced Soul. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974.

Waggoner, Hyatt H., Emerson as a Poet. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974.

Walls, Laura Dassow. Emerson’s Life in Science: The Culture of Truth. Cornell University Press, 2003.

Whicher, Stephen E., Freedom and Fate: An Inner Life of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1953.

Whicher, Stephen E., ed., Selections from Ralph Waldo Emerson. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1957.

Wider, Sarah Ann. The Critical Reception of Emerson: Unsettling All Things. Camden House, 2000.

Williams, John B., White Fire: The Influence of Emerson on Melville. Long Beach: California State University, Long Beach, 1991.

Wilson, Eric. Emerson’s Sublime Science. New York: Macmillan, 1999.

Windolf, Christopher J., Emerson’s Nonlinear Nature. University of Missouri Press, 2007.

Worley, Sam McGuire, Emerson, Thoreau, and the Role of Cultural Critique. State University of New York Press, 2001.

Yannella, Donald, Ralph Waldo Emerson. Boston: Twayne, 1982.

Yoder, R. A., Emerson and the Orphic Poet in America. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978.

Zink, Harriet Rodgers, “Emerson’s Use of the Bible,” University of Nebraska Studies in Language, Literature, and Criticism, 14 (1935): 5-75.

Zwarg, Christina, Feminist Conversations: Fuller, Emerson, and the Play of Reading. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995.